Musical Manuscripts of Mt Athos & their Importance in Modern Research

11 July 2017

Byzantine and post-Byzantine Musical Manuscripts of Mount Athos and their Importance in Modern Research*

The year is 1907 and the place is Mount Athos. A young man of not more then twenty-five years of age named Henry Julius Wetenhall Tillyard visits the Holy Mountain for the first time. The purpose and interest of his visit is the study of the musical manuscripts of Mt. Athos in his quest to decipher the earlier phases of Byzantine music1.

With this visit of Tillyard to Mt. Athos the modem phase of musicological study of Byzantine music is born. To appreciate the significance of this event even more, let us mention that today, with our modem means of transportation, the tlip from the city of Thessalonike to Mt. Athos, is a journey of two-to-three hours of travel by road to the towns nearest to Mt. Athos, Ouranoupolis or Hielissos. This is followed by a two-to-three hour boat lide to reach the particular monastery that one plans to visit. I will let you imagine how long it would have taken Tillyard to reach Mt. Athos in those days.

Tillyard’s early interest in the study of these musical manuscripts soon attracted the attention of many other scholars and helped to elevate this neglected field of study to the status of scholastic endeavour. After the first fruits of Tillyard’s research, such as his work on “The Acclamations of Emperors in Byzantine Ritual”, in the Annual of the British School at Athens (1912), other western scholars such as Carsten Hoeg and Egon Wel­lesz started work in this field of study. In Greece, interest in such detailed study of Byzantine music started around the same time, with Konstantinos Psachos and Simon Karas.2

* Published in Byzantine Macedonia: Art, Architecture, Music and Hagiography, Papers from the Melbourne Conference, July 1995, edited by JOM Burke and Roger Scott, National Centre for Hellenic Studies and Research, La Trobe University (Melbourne 2001) 107-111.

1Cf. Egon Wellesz “H.J.W. Tillyard -In memorium”, Studies in Eastern Chant (SEC) II (Oxford 1971) 1-4.

2 For a more detailed picture see Antonios E. Alygizakis, Θέματα εκκλησιαστικής μουσικής (Ecclesiastical Music Issues); (­Thessalonike 1978) 107-117.

Source:  Παναγιώτης Χ. Παναγιωτίδης, Θέματα ψαλτικής: μελέτες στην Εκκλησιαστική μουσική, Επέκταση: Κατερίνη 2003. σσ. 15-20 [Panagiotides Panagiotis, Chanting Issues; Studies on Ecclesiastical Music, Epektasis, Katerini, pp. 15-20].

Related posts Ecclesiastical Art
Byzantine Iconography οn Mt Athos 1 July 2017 The Protaton, the Monastery of Vatopedi and the Cretan School The Holy Mountain has been the great centre of Orthodox art since the fall of Constantinople. But art flourished on Mount Athos much earlier than that, as is shown by some icons and miniatures that have survived the severe vicissitudes through which the Holy Mountain has passed. Of t...
Illustrated manuscripts of Holy Land – Proskynetaria 17 June 2017 Proskynetaria is the name given to manuscripts containing descriptions of the monuments of Palestine, especially the Christian ones. They have many points of similarity with modern travel books or tourist guides to archaeological sites. The name derives from the word Proskynetarion with which the majority of them begin, and is, of course, connected...
A Brief Comment on the Icon of the Resurrection 16 April 2017 We shall try here to point out the main features of the Orthodox icon which is entitled “The Descent into Hell”. The first thing to note is that it is entirely different from the Western-style depiction, which shows Christ emerging triumphantly from the tomb, holding a little flag. The astonished guards have fallen to the ground.   The Western-st...
The Icon as a unique and inimitable fact in the Church 24 August 2014 Temple painted by Father Stamatis Skliris An icon expresses the relationship of history towards the Kingdom of God. Although much of the emphasis focuses upon the Last Times, a necessary feature of the person in the icon is their particular way of life and the relationships in their lives within historical time. This is why the icon reflects the ...
Church of Panagia Kanakaria, Lythrangomi, Cyprus 3 December 2013 In Lythrangomi, a small village of the Famagusta region in the Turkish occupied Karpasia peninsula,  one may find a rare specimen of the 6th century BC: The Church of Panagia Kanakaria. It is a monastery church which is devoted to the Virgin Mary and is situated at the far western corner of the village. There are three meanings given to the name...