The Resurrection of Mankind (1)5 May 2021
In the magnificent service on Great Friday, we sang the compelling and wonderful doxastiko from the ninth hour ‘Today he who hung the earth on the waters hangs upon the cross’, which ends ‘we venerate your Passion, Christ. Show us your glorious Resurrection’.
Thereafter, in the doxastiko of Vespers on Great Saturday, the day ‘on which the only-begotten Son of God rested from all his labors, through the dispensation of death’, we saw that the Lord rested in the body, because this is the blessed Sabbath, the great day of the Lord’s rest.
And today, the maker of heaven and earth ‘returns to where he had been…’ and shows us his glorious Resurrection. So the holy day of Easter has arrived this year, too, as a refreshing breeze in this distraught and beleaguered world. He came, he returned alive, in order to fill us with joy and awaken in us the profound sense that we’re eternal and that our last enemy, dread death, has now been conquered.
The Risen Lord has opened to us the way to the heavens again, ‘shattering the bronze gates’. He raised us, reconciled us to God the Father and removed the obstacles to our unimpeded progress towards eternity, the ‘enduring city’, celestial and indestructible.
Every year, with hymns and praises, odes and troparia, ‘timbrel and dance’, symbols and ceremonies, adorned with precious materials, art, sweet-smelling vestments and flowers, even with choice foods, in other words with all our human, spiritual and natural riches, the Church attempts to bring us into this joyous ambience. Everything is overflowing with joy, ebullience and exuberance, in order to give us a taste of the glory and sweetness of Paradise and to bring us to the great revelation of our soul: that today, we’re celebrating not only the Resurrection of the Lord, the proof of the power of the Father, but, even more so, our own resurrection, the inheritance of eternal life, which Christ has bestowed upon us as an irrevocable and unique gift, by his death and Resurrection.
It is Saint Luke the Evangelist who first relays the answer of the Lord regarding the resurrection of the dead, that: ‘those who are counted worthy to attain the resurrection from the dead… cannot die anymore, for they are equal to the angels and are sons of God, being sons of the resurrection’. And with extraordinary boldness and clarity, Saint Paul says in his chapter on our own resurrection: ‘But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ has not risen. And if Christ has not risen, then our preaching is empty and your faith is also empty… If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are the most pitiable of people’.
The truth is, however, that Christ has risen and has instituted the resurrection of all the departed. Because, just as death came into the world through one person, so, through another person, came the resurrection from the dead. Just as we all die through our kinship to Adam, so, because of our kinship to Christ we are all brought back to life.
The key to our own resurrection, then, is produced from the precious, indestructible and unblemished gold of the Lord’s Resurrection. Without the Lord’s Resurrection, what good are actions, struggles and sacrifices? As Saint Paul says a number of times, why would we risk our lives every day? ‘If I fought with beasts at Ephesus [for purely human reasons not for God and the hope of the good things to come], what advantage is it to me? If the dead do not rise, “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die!”’.
The foundation of our Orthodox faith is set on the unshakeable rock of the Lord’s Resurrection. In essence, this is what we confess, this is what we suffer and die for, in the belief and hope of our own resurrection. The Resurrection of the Lord is a loving dialogue of speech, joy and communion with God and discourse with his name. It is this which has made him our personal, living hope in the titanic struggle of the spiritual life against sin, which wants to return us to the law and subject us to its bonds. Sin actually has no hold over us because we’re under grace, not under the law.
Every day, at every moment Christ, who became our hope, gives us the opportunity to pick ourselves up after our lapses and to free ourselves from servitude to sin, which subjects us to the law of sin and occupies our members. Saint Paul rightly cries: ‘Wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me from this body of death?’. And answers immediately: ‘ I thank God- through Jesus Christ our Lord!’. Jesus Christ, our Risen Lord, because now there’s no condemnation of his people… Because of him, the law of the Spirit who gives life has liberated us from the law of sin and death.
In this way, the Lord’s Resurrection isn’t just a great or eternal message, but constitutes an everyday event and personal experience in the course of our life on earth. There’s nothing other than the Resurrection that is powerful and timely enough to provide us with comfort, strength, and courage. Nothing else that can give life, happiness and future glory to us and humanity as a whole.
The Spirit of the Father, the Father who raised Jesus from the dead, will give life to the bodies of those who are dead from every manner of suffering, doubt, questioning and trials. He’ll do so through his breath which abides within them, when this perishable body is clad in permanence, when the mortal is robed in immortality. Then the words of Saint Paul will ring true: ‘Death is swallowed up in victory. Death where is your sting? Hades, where is your victory?’.
But the Lord’s Resurrection didn’t make us imperishable and unchangeable here and now, but God left us mutability as a blessing in order to keep his original promise towards us: that of our freedom. Our fall didn’t alter God’s intention; it simply changed his plan, but kept freedom as the essential component of human nature, which no sin, no disaster, no war, pandemic or extreme condition can abolish. Mutability, as the soaring theologian Saint Gregory of Nyssa so wonderfully says, is not merely the opportunity of a change for the worse, because then no good would ever be done, if human nature constantly leant towards the opposite. Now the greatest achievement of mutability is the practice of the virtues; it’s like a wing which helps upward flight, rather than a downward spiral. In this way, the ‘terrible thing that is mutability’ becomes a power for change for the better. The saint urges us not to be sad when we ‘see the inclination of our nature towards change, but let us be changed for the better, transformed from glory to glory’.